Immigration. Immigration to Canada.
Canada pursues an active immigration policy and aims to increase the number of immigrants who want to integrate into Canadian society. Immigration to Canada promotes economic growth and is at the center of attention of modern state policy.
The Canadian Law on Immigration and Protection of Refugees (IRPA) was enacted on June 28, 2002. This Act regulates the process by which immigrants are admitted to Canada. The Canadian immigration program is based on non-discriminatory and universal principles.
Applicants are assessed according to standards that do not discriminate according to race, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, or sex. The assessment is based on the applicants’ ability to successfully integrate in Canada.
In order to immigrate, the applicant must meet the requirements of one of the three categories of immigration: the category of qualified professionals, the family member category or the business category and must apply for permanent resident status through the Canadian visa office (High Commission / Embassy / Consulate).
Qualified specialists are persons whose education, language skills and experience of skilled work allow them to successfully integrate in Canada. They are evaluated in accordance with the points system, differentiating their ability to integrate into the Canadian economy.
The category of family members includes persons whose entry into Canada is sponsored by a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada.
The applicant in the category of family members must be in the following relationship with the sponsor:
– spouse in a civil marriage or a partner who is married, but does not live with the sponsor;
– dependent child, including a child adopted abroad;
– A child under 18 who the sponsor intends to adopt in Canada;
parents, grandfather and grandmother;
– an orphan under 18 years old, being a brother, sister, nephew, niece of the sponsor, and not having a spouse.
Business immigrants are individuals who can contribute to the development of a strong and stable Canadian economy, by direct investment, or by entrepreneurial activities, or by private practice. Business immigration includes categories of investors, entrepreneurs and employers for themselves.
To qualify for immigration purposes, business immigrants, who are investors and entrepreneurs, must have the necessary capital and experience in business, as stipulated in the IRPA legislation. Employers for themselves should have a special experience.
The status of a permanent resident of Canada.
Immigration to Canada means obtaining permanent resident status in Canada.
A successful end result of the Canadian immigration claim process is the receipt of a Canadian immigration visa that confirms the status of a permanent resident of the applicant.
After a positive decision has been made on the application for immigration to Canada and an immigrant visa has been obtained, the person must enter the territory of the country before the expiry of the visa.
Arriving in Canada, a person becomes a permanent resident, while retaining the citizenship of his country. A permanent resident does not become a citizen of Canada and must use, including during travel, a passport issued in the country of origin.
After arriving in Canada, a permanent resident must apply for a Permanent Residence Card (PRC), which will allow you to easily navigate within or outside the country.
A resident of Canada needs to fulfill certain requirements related to living in Canada in order to maintain his status. This requires at least two years of five years to live in Canada.
Obtaining permanent resident status may be the first step towards Canadian citizenship. Nevertheless, you can live all your life in Canada, as a permanent resident, and not apply for citizenship.
Permanent residents of Canada enjoy, basically, the same rights and benefits as Canadian citizens, including free health care, free primary and secondary school education, subsidized higher education, the right to work in Canada. Canadian permanent residents take part along with Canadian citizens in the development of the Canadian economy, which is one of the most successful in the world.
Permanent residents have the right to enter and live in Canada, and also have the majority of Canadian citizens’ rights in accordance with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. However, a permanent resident of Canada can not run for political office and participate in elections until he obtains Canadian citizenship.
Permanent residents of Canada remain citizens of other states, no matter how long they have lived in Canada, until they submit an application and receive Canadian citizenship.
A permanent resident can apply for citizenship after three years of residence in Canada. Canada recognizes the dual citizenship and citizenship of several countries at the same time, therefore, permanent residents of Canada do not need to renounce their citizenship unless the laws of their country of origin do not allow citizens to have more than one citizenship.